【忆pc加拿大 名家】朱德发: 古代中国文学钻研的长青树

作者: 李宗刚 颁发日期: 2020年10月28日 21:38  点击: []

zhudefa(1934-2018),nan,shandongpenglai(jinshuyantaishi)ren。1951zhi1960nian,zaipenglaichuzhijiaohuishiming;1960nian,ruqufushifanxueyuan(jinqufushifandaxue)zhongwenxijinxiu;1964niandaxuebiyehou,beifenpaizhishandongshifanxueyuan(jinpcjianada )zhongwenxi,chuzhizhongguogudaiwenxuezhuanyedejiangshouyuzuanyanshiming。1985nianjinshengweifuchuanshou,tongshiqitouzhidianshuoshizuanyansheng;1987nianpogejinshengweichuanshou;1992nian,beigusudaxuepinweijianzhichuanshou;1994nian,beinanjingdaxuepinweichuanshou;1995nian,beigusudaxuepinweizhongguoxianjinshiwenxuezhuanyeboshizuanyanshengdaoshi;1998nian,beipcjianada pinweiboshizuanyanshengdaoshi。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuancengrenpcjianada shuohuawenxuezuanyansuozhangchujianzhongwenxifuzhuren、pcjianada xueweipingdingweiyuanhuifuzhuren、《pcjianada xuebao(shehuikexueban)》bianweihuifuzhuren、shandongshengzhongdianxuekexueshudaitouren、zhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyanhuifuhuizhang、shandongshengzhongguogudaiwenxuexuehuihuizhang、shandongshengmaodunzuanyanhuihuizhang、shandongshengbiniwenxuezuanyanhuifuhuizhang、shandongshengzhongyuanwenmingzengjinhuifuhuizhang、shandongshengzuojiaxiehuizhuxituanchengyuandeng。tayu1988nian、1995nianliangdubeipingweishandongshengzhuanyejishubajianrencai,1992nianbeihezhunxiangyongguowuyuandangjuchugebuzhu,1993nianhuodeyoucengxianzijiaohuijijinhuibanfadegaodangshifanyuanxiaojiaoyuanjiangerdengjiang,2003nianhuodeyoujiaohuibupingbide“guodujijiangshoumingshijiang”,zheishishandongshengshengshugaoxiaodiyigehuocishurongdejiaoyuan,2008nianronghuoshandongshengshehuikexuetuqijinxianjiang,2009nianbeipinweipcjianada guoduzhongdianxuekezishenchuanshou。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzhushushenfeng,yifuyouliyixing,kanweizhongguodingxinkaifang40duonianlaixueshufazhandeshizaixiezhao。tabanfazai《zhongguoshehuikexue》《wenxuegongjie》dengshouyaoxueshuqikanshangdelunwenduoda200yupian,buzhishumuduo,bingqieyingxiangda。cong1979niandaochangbianxie《zhongguogudaiwenxueshi》(shandongguominchushushe1979nianban)qi,tayichabieqingshichushudezhushuzongji40yubu。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuandexueshugongxiaoqianhouhuodeshengbujiyouliangkeyangongxiaojianghewenyigongjiejiangjin30xiang。cizhong,jiaohuibuyouliangkeyangongxiao(renwenshekelei)erdengjiang3xiang,shandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang4xiang、erdengjiang9xiang、sandengjiang4xiang。lingwai,huoyoushandongshengwenyigongjiejiang、shandongshengliuxiewenyigongjiejiang、shandongshengtaishanwenyijiangdengduozhongshengjijiangxiang。

从小学讲台到大学讲坛

1934nian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanjiangshengzaishandongpenglaiyigeyishanbangshuidexiaocunli。zheilidediquwenmingguaiyiqieshenzhi,neixieziguchuanbodeshenhuagushi、guanfangchuanshuo,jinrunzhetaneiketaofuzherenshengzhongedexin,shiqizaidipanyiwaikongxiangzheashei“baxianguohai”dekuajiaojingdi,keqiuzai“gexianfashu”zhongshixianziwodaijia。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaidongluandenianyue、jianxindeguangyinzhongduwanxiaoxue,bingzai1951nianyouxingchengweiyiweixiaoxuejiaoyuan。zairenjiaoqijian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanpingzheyigubuganrenhoudejiangjing,yingshizaijiaoduandeshihouli,xiuwanlezhongshidekecheng,chengleyingyeshangdezhugan。taxianshiren“wanxiao”dejiaohuizhuren,jieryouren“wanxiao”dexiaozhang,houdaoxianjiaohuijujiaoyanshirenjiaoyanyuan。deyiyufengshuowenmingdezirunyushijihukoudelilian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaiciqijianshixianlebenshenyuanchuxingqingdeduanzao: tandangdejinhuaixiongjin、langmandeqizhi、haodangdexingqinghedangyangdexingmingrechen。

1960nian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyidiaoganshengdeshenfenkaoruqufushifanxueyuan。zaiqufushifanxueyuanjiududesinianli,tazaichangshideludilipobujidaidiluozhiyangfen,bingmanmanjiangzuanyanlequdingweiyuzhongguogudaiwenxue。biyehou,tayinchengjiuyouliangerdangxuanpaidaoneishideshandongshifanxueyuanzhongwenxirenjiao。

“wenge”junshihou,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyikuredehaoqing、xingwangdexingmingliyongbaozhefengherilidechunji。cishi,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyixiangyujiarenfenjialiangdi。zaiwanzhengshuyubenshendeneijianxiaofangli,taweiletanfanggudaiwenxuefazhanhanqingdeyuanlailiankong,bimenxieke,zhulangyuwenxuedehanqingzhanghezhong: baitian,chushixianjiangshoushimingyiwai,jiuquanripaozaizangshulou、yuelanshili,chayuefahuangdehanqingcailiao;zaochen,bianjiangbenshenfansuozaifangnei,dangzhenyandu,zhidaoshenye。zaibudaoliangniandeshihouli,tabuzhigaixielebenshennangxidequanshujianggao,bingqieduijiledapideyuanshicailiao,weiquzhuxueshudechunjierzuolechongfendejinglihechangshishangdechouban。

1980年月初,朱德发师长教员

zaichongfenduijihezhuanxinyandudegenbenshang,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyu20shiji70nianyuemo80nianyuechu,qitouzhuanxinyuwusiwenxuedezuanyan。tayi《wusiwenxuechutan》(shandongguominchushushe1982nianban)yinfaxuejiedejidacunjuan,linshichengweiwusiwenxuezuanyanfanchouzhishixuejiezhimengzhudefengborenwu。erhou,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanchushudejubeiyingxianglidezhushulingyou: 《maodunqianqiwenxuesiweisanlun》(zhudefa、ayan、zhaideyaozhu,shandongguominchushushe1983nianban。gaigongxiaoyu1986nian1yuehuo1983-1985nianshandongshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang)、《zhongguogudaiwenxueshijiaocheng》(fengguanglian、zhudefa、chaguohua、yaojian、hanzhiyou、jiangxinhuanbianzhu,shandongjiaohuichushushe1984nianban。gaigongxiaoyu1986nian1yuehuo1983-1985nianshandongshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang)、《zhongguowusiwenxueshi》(shandongwenyichushushe1986nianban)、《xinbianzhongguogudaiwenxueshi》(zhudefa、jiangxinhuan、chenzhenguozhubian,jintianchushushe1989nianban。gaigongxiaoyu1991nian2yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaosandengjiang)。

zuoweijubeizilixunqiudesiweizhe,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaidandangyouliangchuantongwenmingdegenbenshangyouxinalegudaiwenming,manmanxiuyanglexueshuzuanyanshangdefamengqinghuai。zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanchuzhixueshuzuanyan,bingbushiyiweididusishu、sinianshu,ershijiangqizuoweixiaowosiweidewaihuaqingshi,zheishitachengweiyigejubeizilisiweixunqiudexuezhe。congzheileiyisishangshuo,zanmenbatachengweisiweijiayebuguodu。zhudefashizhangjiaoyuandesiwei,deyiyu“wusi”xinwenminggoudangdefamengbingmanmangouchengleguaiyidesiweixitong,neijiushiyirenxingzhuyiweibenwei、yibianzhengweixinzhuyiweijiaodian、yijiaotashidiweizhigui、yishijitimuweihudedesiweixitong。zai20shiji80nianyueqianhou,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzhiyishinenggouhuoxushiyingqijiansiweishufuzhidachao,bingzaiwusiwenxuezuanyanshangyousuochongpo,bianshiyinqizaodaolezheileisiweidequdongbingpingzhangzheileisiweidechengchi。qizaoqizhuanxiedezaiguojiwaiyoushouyaoyingxiangdexueshuzhushu,ru《wusiwenxuechutan》《maodunqianqiwenxuesiweisanlun》,duiwusiwenxuehewenmingzuanyanzhongdeyixilieyanzhongshijizhunsheng、shouyaoxueshumingtihewenminghanqingrenwu,lingxianzuochulekeguan、gongdaohekexuedepingguyuzuanyan,dexuejieliyifengshangzhixian,fashenglepangdafanying,chidilezhongguowusiwenxuehewenmingzuanyandejixinchanghepaichang。duici,xuezhesunchangxi、weijianlianmeizhuanwen,duizhizuochugaodupinggu,yiweizheishi“gudaiwenxuezuanyandexinshoucheng”“qiyaozhizaiyuchuliwusiwenxuezuanyanzhongdeyixiezhongdianheyidiantimu”,er“gaishudeshouyaodaijia,zhengzaiyutaduizheixiezhongdianheyidiandechongpo”。zheiyixiliefuyouliyixingdesiwei,cengyinfapangdadeshehuifanying,shenzhihaiyiduzaodaoyixiezhiyi,erhanqingdeshijizhengshi,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanqiashijucidaochangbingyinlingledingxinkaifangzaoqidesiweishufugoudang,chengweihanqingfazhanliantiaozhongmeifabeiqinghudeshouyaorenwu。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuandexueshuzuanyanzuizaoshicongwusiwenxuezuanyanshixianziwochongpo,houmanmantuozhandao20shiji40nianyuezhongguowenxue。tazai20shiji80nianyuechushixiande《wusiwenxuechutan》《maodunqianqiwenxuesiweisanlun》,weita80nianyuezhongqizhuanxiewusiwenxueshidianjilegenben。1982nian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanjieguanchushusheyueqingbingbeitianzhongjishizhangjiaoyuanchengren,qitoudiancuan《zhongguokangzhanwenyishi》。jieshouzheiyishouyaoshiminghou,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuantongxiaodadandishimingzhe,“quanshuzengdinggaohenkuaidichulaile”。 tajiang8wanduozideyuanzhudingzheng、kuoxiedao33wanzi。duici,tianzhongjishizhangjiaoyuanyiwei,1984nianchushude《zhongguokangzhanwenyishi》“shiliangrenpeihedegongjule,zheigexiuxishiyingdangganjide”。zhiyuzhudefashizhangjiaoyuan“daigai”houdeshugao,gengshishendetianzhongjishizhangjiaoyuanzanmei: “yibenshendexingainianchongbielirendejiugainian,zheishijiweiqiaode、jiweideminqide,yeshizuishihedetili,bunengbushuozheishimiaobi。”ercici“daigai”,yeweizhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzhuanxie《zhongguowusiwenxueshi》zuolehenhaodeyuyan。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyu1986nianchushude《zhongguowusiwenxueshi》shiduiwusiwenxuedediyibuduandaishi。gaishuchushuhou,beixueshujieyiweishi“wusiwenxuezuanyandexingongxiao,shigudaiwenxuezuanyanfanchoulixindechongpo”。jishimingrihuanghua,gaishuyerengranbeitongyeyiweishi“jingyoujinchengdapiyuanshishiliaodehuiji、wajue、qingsuan,yingyongyongshixingyugongshixingshuangxiangkaochadezuanyantili,qiecuolewusiwenxuegoudangdeqianyinhouguoyuyanhuaguiji,weiguanshixiantandang,weiguankaochajingwei,shidexinqijiandiyibuduandaishiyiwenshibiandongshendianjiaogao,rerenzhushi”。gaishudechushuweizhudefashizhangjiaoyuanbodelepubiandexueshumingyu,yedianjiletazaizhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyanjiezuoweiyige“zhenxuezhe”hewenxueshijiadexianheweizhi。zheiyijubeikaipixingdezuanyangongxiaoxianyu1988nian2yuehuo1985-1987nianshandongshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang,houyu1995nian12yuehuotianxiagaodangxuexiaorenwenshehuikexuezuanyanyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang。lingwai,zhudefadengrenbianxiede《zhongguogudaiwenxueshixinbian》haiyu1989nian12yuehuo1987-1988nianshandongshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang,qiduzhuande《lunmaodun“wusa”qianhoudewuchanjiecengwenxueguan》yu1984nian9yuehuo1981-1983nianshandongshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaosandengjiang,youcizaodaolexueshujiedechugecunjuanheqiaping。

zheiyijieduan,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuandexueshuzuanyangongxiaojiezhongbanfazaiguojiwenxuezuanyandeshouyaoqikanshang,cizhongjiuyoukanfazaizhongguowenxuezuanyanfanchoudewenmingkanwu《wenxuegongjie》shangde《wenxuezuanyanhui“weirensheng”wenxueguandegenjitedian》(1984niandi6qi)。lingwai,tahaizai《wenxuegongjiecongkan》《zhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyancongkan》dengshouyaoqikanshangbanfaleyixiliejubeixueshuyingxianglidelunwen。

xueshuzhizhouqitouyangfanyuanhangdezhudefashizhangjiaoyuan,yifangmian,tachixuzhebenshendexueshuzuanyan,bushishixianzheziwochaochu,bingchengweibenxueketonglingrenzhongzuizaodanfuchuanshoudexuezhe;lingwaiyifangmian,tahaiweiquanshuxuekedejinshenghefazhanjiejinxinsi,bingyu1987nianjingweipcjianada zhongguoxianjinshiwenxuedexuekedaitouren。

寻灯“五四”,著述等身

20shiji90nianyuehouzhudefashizhangjiaoyuandexueshuzuanyancong20shiji80nianyuedecunjuansiweizuanyanxiangtongchouwenxuebentizuanyanhewenxuezhutizuanyanzhuanxing,daibiaoxinggongxiaoshizai《wenxuegongjie》shangbanfade《pingpanyujiangou——xinwenxueshizuanyanzhutisiweidexunsi》(1993niandi1qi)、《xinwenxueliupaizuanyandeshehuixuetili》(1996niandi4qi)、《zhongguowenxue: yougudianzouxianggudai》(1997niandi5qi。gaigongxiaoyu1998nianhuoshandongshengliuxiewenyigongjiejiang),hezai《zhongguoshehuikexue》shangbanfade《wusiwenxueticaixinlun》(yuzhangguangxianhezhuan,1999niandi5qi。gaigongxiaoyu2000nian12yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang)he《lunsishinianyuezhongguowenxuedetianxiahuayuminzuhua》(2002niandi6qi。gaigongxiaoyu2004nian3yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang)dengwenzhang。

朱德发著述书影

zai20shiji90nianyue,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanqianhouchushudedaibiaoxingzhushuyou: 《zhongguogudaijiyouwenxueshi》(zhudefazhubian,shandongyouqingchushushe1990nianban。gaigongxiaoyu1992nian12yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang)、《aihesuzhou——zhongguoqingaiwenxueshilun》(zhudefa、tanyichu、zhangqinghuazhu,tianjinjiaohuichushushe1991nianban。gongxiaoyu1992nianhuoshandongshengwenyigongjiejiang)、《20shijizhongguowenxueliupailungang》(shandongjiaohuichushushe1992nianban。gaigongxiaoyu1994nian12yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang,yu1998nian12yuehuotianxiatongsugaodangxuexiaodierjierenwenshehuikexuezuanyangongxiaoerdengjiang)、《zhongguoshanchuanshilungao》(zhudefazhubian,shandongyouqingchushushe1994nianban。gaigongxiaoyu1996nian12yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang)、《wusiwenxuexinlun》(shandongwenyichushushe1995nianban)、《zhutisiweiyuwenxueshiguan》(shandongjiaohuichushushe1997nianban。gaigongxiaoyu1998nian12yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaosandengjiang)。

20shiji90nianyueqianqi,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzhushupofeng,cizhongdedaibiaoxingzhushuyouqizhubiande《zhongguogudaijiyouwenxueshi》heyurenhezhuande《aihesuzhou——zhongguoqingaiwenxueshilun》。zaizhuanjiakanlai,《zhongguogudaijiyouwenxueshi》dexianxian“biaojizhezheiyiketizuoweizhongguogudaiwenxueshideyimenyuanxuekedejiangsheng,yinweizanmencongshuzhongduchuleyimenxuekederongliang、daijiaheluojixitong。tajunshileyiwangduizheiyiketidebufenzuanyanjieduanerhuishengdaoquantizuanyanjieduan,junshileyiwangneizhongjingxianggongjieerhuishengweihanqingkexue”。er《aihesuzhou——zhongguoqingaiwenxueshilun》zheibujin40wanzidezhushu,zeyihanqingde、wenmingde、zhexuede、lunlide、fengsude、xinsidezhuduoshijiao,duizhongguowenxuecongtaigudaojinshidejiqiannianjingzhanghanqingzhongdeqingaijingxiangezhilexitongdekaochahegongjie。gaizhuanzhubeiyiwei“chucishujunlesanqiannianaihe”,bing“chongpolechuantongwenxueshikanfa,kaipilewenxueshixiezuodexinmenlu”,ta“jiyongshixingdimosuobingmiaoxiewoguoqingaiwenxueguwangjinlaideshuqianniandeyanhuajinchengjiqifazhanjieduandegenjitedian,yougongshixingdijielubinglunzhengzhongguoqingaiwenxuedequantitedianjiqijilv,zaishilunliangfangmian,jianchuhanqingzongshengan,jianchushijishenqiexing。zheiqueqieshiyigexinqidegousi”。zhudefashizhangjiaoyuandezheixiezhushubuzhimibulezhongguowenxueshizuanyandekongque,bingqiebiaojizhetayishixianlexindeziwochongpo,shixianleyougudaizhongguowenxuexuezhexiangzhongguowenxuexuezhedegaibian,weijuejuehouyihanqingshijiaolaishenyue20shijizhongguowenxuedefazhangongjilecanzhao。《20shijizhongguowenxueliupailungang》bianshizheileisiweifazhandeyigebiaoji。gaishudui20shijizhongguowenxueliupaidefazhanzuolejingdaodelunshuyubianxi,sheqilefenlie、lingdingdejingtaikaocha,daizhiyiquantihuadejingtaiguanzhao,duijinbainianlaigewenxueliupaidetezhi、xingzhuangheyunzhuanjizhidouzuolexiangchengxiangjin、keguandeshulihepingpan。qituntushijiwenxuefengboshisuojieshichulaidejuzhongruoqingdezizaixing,jirenyihuihongdehanqingzongshengan。zheibiaojizhezhudefashizhangjiaoyuandewenxueshizuanyanyicongduandaishizuanyanxiang20shijizhongguowenxueshizuanyantingjin。

zai20shiji90nianyueqianqi,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanqieshenlvlilegudaiwenxueshizuanyanbiangengfazhandejigeshouyaojieduan,qijiandefengfengyuyu、xiyoudeshi,yutawubuyouqiefuzhigan。zaicigenbenshang,tayoubasiweituozhandaoleduiwenxueshizuanyanzhehetengxiezhedezhutisiweijiwenxueshishijideqiecuoshang,bingcongzhexuedegaodulaijiangouzhongguogudaiwenxueshixue,youcishixianlexueshushangdeziwochaochu。zheifangmiandedaibiaozuoshi《zhutisiweiyuwenxueshiguan》,xuejieyiwei,gaizhushu“congzuanyanzhezhutisiweidediaojidongshoulaimosuojianglaiwenxueshidebianxie,wuyishizhuozhulexinwenxueshixuedeyicizhongxintimu,tabuzhiduixinwenxueshixuedexuekejianliyuwanmeijubeibirandeshijijinxian,bingqieduiwenxueshizuanyanzhezhanhuozhejizhijiaodeqijiangaoduduizhongguogudaiwenxueshiezhishensiyuzongjie,yehuigongjijiaoweishizaidezhidianyisi”。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuandequanshuxueshugongxiaojiqijiangxiang,doushenruletazuoweirenwenxuekexuezhesuojubeideganxingjingliherenciyishi,liuyizheyouziwozilisilverfashengdezhongguogudaiwenmingjianshedeguanghua,chengweigenweiwusijinglideyouyiwenmingliantiao。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanjiweizhengshixuekejianshe。cong1987niandao2003nian,tazuoweipcjianada zhongguoxianjinshiwenxuedexuekedaitouren,yizhijiangxuekejianshezuoweijiadengdashilaizhua,zhengshiweiqingnianxuezhedajianxueshufazhandepingtai,zhuliqingnianxuezhedexueshuzuanyanbushiyueshangyigegexintaijie。1991,pcjianada zhongguoxianjinshiwenxuexuekebeishandongshenghezhunweishengjizhongdianjianshexueke;1998nian,gaixiaodezhongguoxianjinshiwenxuezhuanyebeiguoduxueweiweiyuanhuihezhunweizhongguoxianjinshiwenxueboshixueweishouquandian;2001nian,gaixiaodezheiyixuekeyoubeishandongshenghezhunwei“shiwu”shengjiqianghuajianshezhongdianxueke;2003nian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzuoweipcjianada wenxueyuandexueshudaitouren,youshixianleboshihougoudangzhanlingdechongpo。zheitongtongdoubiaoming,pcjianada zhongguoxianjinshiwenxuexuekedequantixueshuchengduzaiyizhudefashizhangjiaoyuanweidaibiaodedierdaixuezhedelvlingxia,yiburuleguojitongchuangkezhongdexianezhilie;2007nian,gaixuekebeipingweiguoduzhongdianxueke,zheiyeshishandongshengshengshugaoxiaolikezhijinduyideguoduzhongdianxueke。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaizhengshixuekejianshedetongshi,haihenshizhengshikebenjianshehejiangshoudingxin,bingshiyizaodaolehaoping。jiukebenjiansheeryan,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanqianhoucanbianhezhubiandezhongguogudaiwenxueshikebenda10duobu。jiuqijiangshougongxiaosuohuojiangxiangeryan,1990nian,“gengxinkanfashijiangshoupinzhideguanjian”jiangshouzuanyanmingmu(zhudefa、jiangxinhuan、hanzhiyoudeng)huodeshandongshengtongsugaodangxuexiaoyouliangjiangshougongxiaoyidengjiang;1991nian,“bashehuizhuyizhengzhibiaodemudezuoweipeiyangjigezuanyanshengdehunling”jiangshouzuanyanmingmuhuoshandongshengtongsugaodangxuexiaoyouliangjiangshougongxiaoerdengjiang;2001nian,“yikebenjiansheweilongtou,zhouquandongyuanzhongguogudaiwenxueshijiangshoudingxindeshenqie”jiangshouzuanyanmingmu(zhudefa、weijian、liyeping、zhangguangxian)bielihuoshandongshengshengjijiangshougongxiaoyidengjiangheguodujijiangshougongxiaoerdengjiang。

2003年,朱德发师长教员获得讲授名师奖

2003nian,zaizhudefashizhangjiaoyuanhuode“guodujijiangshoumingshijiang”jinhou,pcjianada tedijuxingle“qinghezhudefachuanshoucongjiao50zhounianjironghuo‘guodujijiangshoumingshijiang’mantanhui”,wenmingxuezhecengfanren、fanboqun、weishaoxindengcanyulejihui。shirenshandongshengweifubugaowangxiuzhiliexijihui,tedixiangzhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzengyulexianhua,bingbanfalerechenmimandejianghua,ganjizhudefashizhangjiaoyuanweishandongshengdejiaohuigujizuochudechusejinxian。zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaimantanhuishangyezuolefuyouhaoqingdeyanshuo,tashuo: “‘daxuezhe,feiweiyoudalouzhiweiye,youjujiangzhiweiye。’woxiaowonengyoujintiandeshengyu,yaoganjigejilvlinghegejiebanlvdechengchiheguanhuai,ganjiqijianweiwogongjidejiyuanheqianti。‘shufusiwei,jiaotashidi’desiweixianluhedingxinkaifangdedahaoqijian,weixueshuzuanyanshangde‘baihuanufang’dizaolekeguidejiyuan,erxinqijiandezhengcegengshiquebaolewozaixueshuxunqiuyuliyizhongyuanyuanbushidi

huodedongneng。zaiwodebushaohuojiangzhengshushang,shenzhi‘guodujijiangshoumingshi’deshengyuchenghuzhong,doudiaokezhehuobaohanzhezheixie‘zhiminghaojie’deshiji。duiwoxiaowolaijiang,pingshang‘guodujijiangshoumingshi’bingbuxiangzhengzhejiwodewenxuezuanyangujihuashanglejuhao,ganghaoxiangfan,tajinyibujihuolewodezhengzhixingming、jiaohuixingminghexueshuxingming,jinyibuguoduanlewo‘xingmingbushixunqiubuzhi’dexinxinheyizhi。”bencimantanhuijinhou,《pcjianada xuebao(renwenshehuikexueban)》(2003niandi6qi)yi《zhudefachuanshouyuzhongguoxianjinshiwenxuezuanyan》weitikanfalesipianbitan,gaodupinggulezhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaizhongguoxianjinshiwenxuezuanyanfanchouzhongzuochudejingcaijinxian。

名师,名家,名垂青史

2003nianjinhou,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuancongxuekedaitourengangtingshangtuileshangqu,keqixueshuzuanyanqidanweisuiqinian

lingdezengtianerlanshan,fanersuiqijinglidezengtianhesilvdeshenqieerjinrule“nifazhan”qijian。zaizheiduanjinsedeguangyinli,tazai《zhongguoshehuikexue》shangyoubanfalexueshulunwen《gudaizhongguowenxueshizhonggoudedaijiapingguxitong》(2008niandi6qi。gaigongxiaoyu2011nianhuoshandongshengtaishanwenyijiang,yu2016nian10yuehuozhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyanhuibanfadedisijiewangyaoxueshujiangyoulianglunwenjiang);chuciyiwai,tazai《wenxuegongjie》shangyeqianhoubanfale4pianwenzhang: 《gudaiganxinghuayu: maodun“rendewenxue”kanfajiangou》(2001niandi5qi。gaigongxiaoyu2002nian12yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang)、《qiluwenmingyugudaizhongguowenxueganxidexunsi》(2005niandi1qi。gaigongxiaoyu2007nian7yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang)、《pingnitingting<“wusi”zuojiadewenmingxinsi>》(2007niandi2qi)、《gudaizhongguowenxuezuanyansanshinian》(2008niandi4qi)、《pinghuangxiuji<zhongguogudaiwenxuefazhanshi>(disanban)》(2010niandi1qi)。cong1995niandao2018nian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanbanfade、jinweizhongguoguomindaxuefuyinbaokancailiaozhuanzaidelunwen,bianyou29pianzhiduo。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaizheilinqijian,chushudedaibiaoxingzhushuyou: 《kuajinxinshijidejincheng——zhongguowenxueyougudianxianggudaizhuanhuan》(zhudefazhubian,jintianchushushe2000nianban。gaigongxiaoyu2001nian12yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaosandengjiang)、《pingpanyujiangou: gudaizhongguowenxueshixue》(zhudefa、jiazhenyongzhu,shandongdaxuechushushe2002nianban)、《tianxiahuashixianzhongdegudaizhongguowenxue》(shandongjiaohuichushushe2003nianban。gaigongxiaoyu2004nianhuoshandongshengliuxiewenyigongjiejiang)、《20shijizhongguowenxueganxingjingli》(zhudefadengzhu,shanghaiguominchushushe2003nianban。gaigongxiaoyu2005nian4yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoerdengjiang)、《chuansuogudaiwenxueduoweishikong》(shandongwenyichushushe2004nianban。gaigongxiaoyu2005nianhuoqiluwenxuejiangzhongdequanyouliangwenxuegongjie[shiji]jiang)、《gudaizhongguowenxuehaojiexushilungao》(zhudefadengzhu,shandongjiaohuichushushe2006nianban。gaigongxiaoyu2008nianhuoshandongshengliuxiewenyigongjiejiang)、《zhudefaxupingji》(shandongdianfuyinxiangchushushe2006nianban)、《siweideaoxiang》(shandongyouqingchushushe2009nianban)、《gudaiwenxueshitengxiedeshijimosuo》(shandongguominchushushe2010nianban)、《gudaizhongguowenxuetongjian(1900-2010)》(zhudefa、weijianzhubian,guominchushushe2012nianban。gaigongxiaoyu2015nian8yuehuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang,yu2015nian12yuehuodiqijiegaodangxuexiaokexuezuanyanyoulianggongxiaojiang[renwenshehuikexue]erdengjiang)、《zhudefawenji》(shijuan)(shandongguominchushushe2014nianban)、《weidazhonghua zaoxinwenxue——hushiyugudaiwenmingjikouyuwenxue》(guominchushushe2016nianban)、《gudaizhongguowenxuexintan》(shandongguominchushushe2016nianban)deng。

zheilinqijiande《kuajinxinshijidejincheng——zhongguowenxueyougudianxianggudaizhuanhuan》《tianxiahuashixianzhongdegudaizhongguowenxue》《ershishijizhongguowenxueganxingjingli》《gudaizhongguowenxuehaojiexushilungao》dengzhushu,zenenggoubeishiweizhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaishensidegenbenshangjiangouxindewenxuezuanyankuanshidegongxiao。zuoweijubeirenwenqinghuaidewenxueshijia,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanshizhiyuzhendidemosuo,yi“lianminzhidongde”detili,bazuojiazuopinjiqiwenxueliupaitouruhanqingfazhandezhanghezhongjiayitoushi。zheixiezhushuhuoconghanqingfazhandeguijizhongkanchazhongguowenxueyanhuadejilvxing;huozaitianxiahuadeshixianzhongcongtouchanshigudaizhongguowenxuesuobaokuodeshenzhiwenmingmiwen;huoyiganxingdemuguanglaishenyue20shijizhongguowenxuesuojubeideganxingjingli;huocongjingmuhaojiedeqingjiedongshen,duigudaizhongguowenxuedehaojiexushiezhipashu……doujuefalegudaizhongguowenxuefazhandeneihanjilv,chengzailetazuoweiwenxueshijiaderenwenqinghuai。

2008年3月,朱德发在学术钻研会上讲话

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyongshisishiyunian,shizhiyuzhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyanhewenxueshidejiangou,weigaixuekedejianshezuochuleguaiyijinxian,huodelexuejiedegaodupinggu。20shiji80nianyueyilai,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzuoweiwenxueshijia,qituqijinxianhaibiaocikeduiwenxueshidebushizhongxieshang,congerbuzhizhaoyingle“zhongxiewenxueshi”zheiyichaoshui,haiyixiangxishijishizheiyishijideyishenqie。tazhubianle《xinbianzhongguogudaiwenxueshi》《zhongguogudaiwenxueshixinbian》《zhongguogudaiwenxueshishiyongjiaocheng》dengduobuwenxueshi,zheixiewenxueshiqidanshixianleduihourenzhuanxiedewenxueshidechaochu,yeshixianleduiqibenshenxianqianbianzhudewenxueshideshenghua。qiwenxueshitengxiesuoxianxianchulaide“shouchengyuchuxindetongyi,fanfuyujingjiandetongyi,houzhongyushiyongdetongyi”dengxueshufengzhi,beiyiweishizhongguogudaiwenxueshikebenbianxiedexinqushi。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuantichu“gudaizhongguowenxue”mingtihou,tayouyuweijianshizhangjiaoyuanyilugouzaoledaxingxueshuzhushu《gudaizhongguowenxuetongjian(1900-2010)》dezhuanxieshiming。gaishuyi200wanzidepianfu,duigudaizhongguowenxueezhilexiangjindeshuliyuxiangshidexianxian,zaixueshujiefashenglejiaodafanying,binghuodegaoxiaokeyangongxiaojiangerdengjiang。yinweibaxueshuzuanyanzuoweiziworenshengdaijiashixiandeyizhongtili,bingjianggudaizhongguowenxuezuanyanchuzhiyugudaizhongguowenmingjiangoudejidianshang,guerzhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzaizuozuanyanshijinengruhucizhongyouchuhuqiwai,zaijiangouyujiedugudaizhongguowenxuedejinchengzhong,jiangbenshenduizhongguowenmingjianshedeshenqiesilvqingxiecizhongzhudefashizhangjiaoyuandezheileixueshufengzhijishizaiqizhubiandewenxueshizhong,yebushihuodeleguancheyuluoshi。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyongyuzaihanqingdeguanjianjiedianshangliyuqijianzhichaotou,zheijishiqi“zhenxuezhe”fenggudeguangxianbiaoxian,yeshiqi“wenminghaojie”qingjiedetianranwaihua。zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyuluxunshizhangjiaoyuanyiyang,douyou“fameng”dewenmingqingjie,yedouyou“denggaoyihu,yingzheyunji”dekuajiaoxiangwang,shiyi,zai21shijizhichu,tatedishulilegudaizhongguowenxuezhong“haojiexushi”defazhantouxu,bingbazheileiqinghuaitongbaojibenshensuozhidiandezuanyansheng,shi《gudaizhongguowenxuehaojiexushilungao》yishudeyijiangsheng。

rendaolaonianmonian,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanrengranbuyisi“renshengqiuyi”,ershichixudichuiqiziwozilidexueshuxunqiu,duixueshujiedezhuduorementimudoudandizhiyi、jinshendilunzheng。rutade《zhiyi“tongtonghanqingdoushijinshishi”——yiwenxueshijuzheng》,bianshizhanzaizilidewenmingtaidushang,duirenmenbishichongxindedongfanghuayuzuoledoudandezhiyi,houronghuo《jinshizuojiagongjie》2015nianduyoulianglunwenjiang。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuandegudaizhongguowenxuezuanyancongwusiwenxuezuanyandongshen,erhouyouluozuyuwusiwenxuezuanyan,shixianlexueshurenshengziwobianzhengdefourenzhifouren,zheiqiashiqizuoweiyigesiweizhe,zaizhixuezhilushangbushijingjindeshizaixiezhao。tazaimunianduihushifashenglechoumidexueshulequ,jiezhongzhuanxieleyixiliefuyouchuangjiandelunwen,bingyu2016nianjiejiwei《weidazhonghua zaoxinwenxue——hushiyugudaiwenmingjikouyuwenxue》chushu。gaishujishitaduizuanyangongjudexueshuguanzhaoyuxueshuchanshi,yeshitajiezhuzuanyangongjulaijiangouziwoxueshubaofudeshijigoudang,yikaolezhudefashizhangjiaoyuan“weidazhonghuazaoxinwenxue”derenwenbaofu。zhiyutazaixingmingxingjiangzouxiangjuedingdeqianshuyuesuozhuanxiede《zhongtanguomoruoshiji<nvshen>derenleixingshenmeitedian》,gengshibaohanletabenshenduixueshuhexingmingdejianshensilv: jingyoujinchenghuiguizizaidizaoderenshengjingdi,wajuechugebiexingxingmingxiuhuiyurenleixingshenmeitedianzhijiande

neihanjinglijieqia,jinerzhangxianletazuoweijubeizilijinglidesiweizhedeteyoufengdu。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanbuzhishiyigezhenxuezhe,bingqierengshiyige“zhixingheyi”dejiaohuijia。tayu1951nianchuzhigenbenjiaohuishiming,juehouzaidaxuezhijiao50yunian,qianhouweibenkesheng、shuoshizuanyansheng、boshizuanyanshengjiangke,bingzhidianboshihou。qijian,taqinshenzhidiandeboshishengyou34ming,ningtingguoqi“wenxueshishiji”zheimenkechengdeboshishengzeyoubaiyuren。cong1999niandao2017nian,tajiboshizuanyanshengwanzhengjiangshouxueweikecheng,qijiangkedekeshinanyitongji。tabuzhizhengshiqianghuaxuekejianshe,peiyanglehaofanyouliangdexuezhe、gongjiejiaheduozhuduoxingyezhongdedongliangzhicai,haigouchenglejinbuqianbeidejiaohuisiweihejiaohuilinian,zaixuekejianshe、shizhangjiaoshipeiyang、jiangshoudingxinshenqie、jiangshouneirongliyi、jiangshoupinzhijinbudangfangmianhuodeleyixilieyouliangdechengjiu。

chijiuyilai,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanyizhiduizhiweiboshizuanyanshengkaishezhuanyekecheng,yongbenshendexingminghaoqingpumieleyoushuqingnianxuezixunqiuzhendidexingminghuoju,shidexueshudexinhuozaidaijichuanchengzhongyuranyuwang。zhudefashizhangjiaoyuangaoduzhengshishizhangjiaoshipeiyang,tazhidiandezuanyanshengdegenbenbingbudoushizuihaode,dantabuchuiqingshizhangjiaoshideshenshiyubeijing,gengbushenmeliupaizhijian。zaitakanlai,meiyigeshizhangjiaoshidoushiyou“liangbashuazi”de,meiyigeshizhangjiaoshidouyouzhebukegujidefazhanqianzhi。qiashijiyuzheiyishuxi,tazhengshipeiyangshizhangjiaoshigaoyuandexueshubaofuheguoduandexueshuziao,congershishizhangjiaoshizifadijianliqiziwozhutixing,weizuanyanshimingdianjijiangudegenben。zaizhudefashizhangjiaoyuandejingxinpeiyangxia,tazhidiandezuanyanshengyichengweizhongguoxianjinshiwenxuezuanyanjiebukeqinghudeyizhibudui,duici,xuejieyou“zhujiajun”yishuo。jubuwanzhengtongji,zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanzhidiandezuanyanshengzhong,yichengweiboshishengdaoshidebianduoda10ren,lingyou1renchengweijiaohuibu“zhangjiangxuezhe”tepinchuanshou。

2014nian9yue,zhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyanhui、zhongguogudaiwenxueguan、pcjianada 、shandongshengzhongguogudaiwenxuexuehuijiehejuxingle“zhudefajipcjianada xueshutuanduiyugudaizhongguowenxuezuanyan”xueshuzuanyanhui;《zhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyancongkan》yeyu2015niandi3qituichuleyizuwupianwenzhang,duizhudefashizhangjiaoyuandezhixuejingli、shizhefengcaiheqihuodedechusechengjiuciyugaodupinggu。

zhudefashizhangjiaoyuanpingshengzhuanxinyugudaizhongguowenxuezuanyanhejiangshou,huodelejiaorendexueshuchengjiuhejiangshouchengjiu,beiyuweizhongguogudaiwenxuezuanyanjiede“changqingshu”、tianxiaxueshu“laomo”,dizaole“nifazhan”derenshengguji: dingxinkaifangsishinianlai,tayizhishizhanzaizhongguogudaiwenxuexueshuqianyandelingjiashiwu。ta80duosuirengranbigengbuchuo,zhuyuanqian40tianhaishixianlefuyouruishiyuhaoqingdezhangpianxueshulunwen,zhuyuanqian10tian,haibaobingcanyuleluxunzuanyandeguojixueshuzuanyanhuibingzuoledahuidazhijianghua!zheiganghaoyinzhenglebizhezai1996nianzhuanxiede《yongjiudelvse》yiwenzhongduizhudefashizhangjiaoyuanxueshurenshengdesumiao: “xingmingjinchengzhongzhanxianzheshengqibobodelvse,younufangchucongcongdexianhua,jiechuleileishuoguo,yiburuhuajiazhiniandezhudefachuanshou,rengranbuyisiderenshengqiuyi。zaitadeshenshang,zanmenkandaodeshineidahaibandeyongbutingxidexingmingyongdong,shineiyongjiudoubofazhedexingminglvse,shineiyongbuzhizuyuyizhongzhankaizishidexingmingzhihua,shineiyongjiuliqiuchaochuziwodexingmingzhihun。”

2018年6月,朱德发师长教员最初一次参与学术钻研会

2018nian7yue12ri,rengranfuyoudizaohaoqingherenwenqinghuaidezhudefashizhangjiaoyuande“nifazhan”zhilujiadanshizhi,tadeneikewanqiangdexinzangezhiletiaodong。2019nian5yue4riqianye,“zhudefawusiqingnianxueshujiang”sheli;2020nian5yue4ri,shoujie“zhudefawusiqingnianxueshujiang”pingjiangjunshibingxiangshehuibanbu。

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