【忆pc加拿大 名家】安作璋师长教员传略

作者: 朱亚非 秦铁柱 颁发日期: 2020年07月21日 14:55  点击: []

anzuozhang(1927.01—2019.02),nan,hanzu,zhonggongdangyuan,1927nianshengyushandongshengcaoxian,1951nianbiyeyuqiludaxuewenxueyuanhanqingxi,zhongguojinshixuezhe、hanqingxuejia,pcjianada jiaoshou、boshishengdaoshi。lirenpcjianada gujiqingsuanyantaoliyichu、zhongguoqinhanshiyantaohuifuhuizhang、shandonghanqingxuehuifuhuizhangheshandongchusuozhixuehuifuhuizhangdengzhiwu。tazaiqinhanshi、zhongguoxiandaishi、hanqingwenxianxue、shandongchusuoshi,qiluwenmingshi、zhongdingzuohewenmingshidengfanchoujunyouguaiyijinxian。1987nianbeixuanweizhonggong“shisanda”daibiao,1988beishandongshengwei、shengdangjushouyu“shandongshengshoupibajianrencai”chenghu,1991nianqixiangyongguowuyuandangjuchugebuzhu,2007nianronghuoshoujieshandongshehuikexuetuqijinxianjiang,shi5weihuocishurongdewenmingxuezhezhiyi。1986dao2015nianjian,liuciqudeshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang。2018nianhuoping“dingxinkaifang40zhounianshandongshehuikedamingjia”dechenghu。

艰巨肄业,坚韧不拔

anzuozhangshizhangjiaoyuanshenshiyushandongcaoxiandekehuanqiujia,zufu、bofuweiqingmojuren,fuqinanjingcanweiqingmoxiucai,zaicaoxianguxiangdamendemenmeishangxiangyou“shikedi”sanzipaibian,shiyouqingguangxuchaolibushilangwangmingluantengxie。1905nianfeikeju、xingxuexiaohou,qifujiuduyushandongshifanshuyuanbenkebowubu。1937niankangrizhandouzhouquanbengfa,qifuweiledunzangriweidesaorao,baikoubanqianzhixiangjian,bingchuangbanyixue,anshizhangjiaoyuanzaixiangjianxiaoxuezhongjieguanlejiaoweizhouquandejiaohui,chugeshizaiwenshifangmian,tongdule《qiansishi》yu《zizhitongjian》。1944nian,anshizhangjiaoyuansuiwangmingshishengdaodawanbeifuyang,houkaorushandongshengdierguqiezhongxuegaozhongbu。neishi,jinxiuhuanjinghenshijianxin,zhudeshiculoumaocaowuzi,shuideshidipu,chideshigaoliangmiwowotou、xiancai,zairusibeiliedehuanjingxia,anshizhangjiaoyuanhuanguojiechuang、nveji、shuniuyan,chugeshiyanjundeshuniuyanduoquleanshizhangjiaoyuanshuangtuideankang。dananshizhangjiaoyuanlaoshicongshuxidehanqingrenwudeshijizhongqudeguli,“kongziechencai,zuo《nianling》;quyuanliufang,zhu《lisao》;zuoqiushiming,jueyou《guoyu》;sunzibinjiao,erlunbingfa”。gaozhongsannian,tayijidadeyilixianglegongdu,likegemenzuoyezaiquanbanshouquyizhi,haizaipinbingjiaojihebuxueleyinguqueshidequanshulikekecheng。1947nian,anshizhangjiaoyuangaozhongbiye,yiyouliangdechengjikaoruleqiludaxuewenxueyuanhanqingxi。

zaiqiludaxue,anshizhangjiaoyuanqudelehaofanmingjiadezhidian,ruzhangweihua、zhudongrun、modongyin、hanlianqi、wujinding、huhouxuan、luandiaofudeng,zaizhangweihuashizhangjiaoyuandexixinzhidianxia,anshizhangjiaoyuanqitouzhugongqinhanshi,tabanyezhiqianshaoshaoxiexi,laoshipobujidaidijinxiuzhexianqinqinhandegeleiwenji,fanlanleliangtaoqiansishi,8gehanhanjiajingyou7gejiaqibuhuijia。tadedaxuetongchuanghuixiangshuo: “neishijiangtangshangjiaoyuanfatimu,anzuozhangzongnenganliandizhichugaitimuchuziqiansishidenayishinayipiannaizhinayiduanluo。qiyurujingshiziji、hanzhajinshi、qinzhuanhanwa,gengshiwubutonglan,mingleyuxiong。”zaiqiludaxuejinxiudesinian(1947—1951),anshizhangjiaoyuangangqiaochaoyuelexinjiulianggeshiqi,xianshijieguanleqianjiaxuepai“kaojuwuxu”siweideyingxiang,cihouyoujieguanlebianzhengweixinzhuyihehanqingweixinzhuyisiwei,zheidouweitaxiaowozhixueqigaiyuxueshusiweidezuchengdaxialejiangudedizi。1951nian,anshizhangjiaoyuandaxuebiye,beifenpaidaoshandongshifanxueyuan(jinpcjianada )hanqingxishiming。

幼年成名,著述等身

anzuozhangshizhangjiaoyuanshixinzhongguochenglihou,zuizaochuzhiqinhanshiyantaobingqudechusechengjidewenmingshixuejia,qilunzhucengzaodaoshixuejujiangguomoruoshizhangjiaoyuandezanmei,beiribenxuezheyuwei“qinhanshizhidashi”、“benriqinhanshixuejiedezhongzhen”,zhichu《zhongguomingliudacishu》、yingguojianqiao《guojimingliuchuanjidacishu》dengduozhongchuanji、cishuzhong。jin70nianlai,anshizhangjiaoyuanduihanqingyantaoduizhibuxie,qinkengengzuo,zaiqinhanguanzhi、jingji、renwu、duiwaiganxidengfangmianyantaochengjizhuoran。anshizhangjiaoyuanyiqinhanshiweidizi,jianxingsimaqian“tonggujinzhibian,jiutianrenzhiji”dezhishisiwei,yantaoguimomanmantuozhandaozhongguotongshi、shandongtongshi、qiluwenmingtongshi,hetedishi、hanqingwenxianxuedengfanchou,qianhouchushuzhuanzhushushibu,bingzai《guangliangribao》,《hanqingyantao》dengbaokanqikanbanfaleyouyingxianglidexueshulunwenyibaiyupian,bilulanlv,chenglipofeng,zhushudengshen。

congqingnianshiqiqi,anshizhangjiaoyuanjiuyileileiliyidexueshuchengji,bushiyinfaxueshujiedezhushi。1954nian,qilunwen《xihandedongnantunken》、《lunxihannongguandejianzhijiqiganhua》qudedengguangmingshizhangjiaoyuandezhengshi,lianxubanfazai《guangliangribao》shixuebanshang。cinian,anshizhangjiaoyuandeshoubuxueshuzhuanzhu《hanshichutan》(youjinxiuhukouchushushechushu,shanghaiguominchushushe1957nianzhongban)zhengshichushu,jiheleanshizhangjiaoyuanshangdaxueshiqizhuanxiede6pianlunwen,shouyaoqiecuolexihannongyechuchanlihechuchanganxi、xihanhuangchaoduinongyechuchandeyunyingbanlihesanghongyangzaihanwudiwugongwugongzhongdeweizhidengtimu。benshuchushuhou,zaishixuejiefashenglehendadefanying。chugeshiyouguansanghongyangdewenzhang,zaodaoleguomoruoshizhangjiaoyuandezanmei。1956nian3yue1ri《guangliangribao》banfapipingwenzhang,yiweizheishiyiben“yingyonghanqingweixinzhuyigainian”“cankaocailiaohenfengshuo”dehanshilunwenji。xiaolizai《zhongguohanqingxuesishinian》zhong,yiweigaishu“weijin40nianlaiqinhanshixuezhexiaowolunwenjibanfazuizaodeyizhong,cizhongzhuduogainianchangweicihoudelunzhusuoyinzheng”。

anshizhangjiaoyuande《lianghanyuxiyuganxishi》(shandongguominchushushe1959nianban,qilushushe1979nianzhongban)binitixizhouquandichanshulelianghanxiyudehanqing,xiyulieguodehuanjing,bianjianghexiyuzaizhengzhishang、jingjishang、wenmingshangshenmiqinmiganxi,helianghanshiqizhongxijiaotonghejingji、wenmingjiaohuan,shiliaoxiangshi,lunzhengzhoumi。shuzhonghaiyongdapicailiaokaojuledongnandiqudehanqingdiyu,yongburongfanbodeshijilunzhenglezixihanzhongyeshezhixiyudouhucihou,jinxinjianghebaerkashenhuyidongyinandefanbodiqujiunarulezhongguodefuyuan,zaiguojiwaishixuejiebaohanneishidesulianshixuejiecengyinfahendafanying。keweikaiguoyihouyantaohanchaoyuxiyuganxideshouchuangzhizuo,zhijinyantaoxiyuhanqingdexuezhe,haijiangcishuzuoweibibeidecankaoshuzhiyi。

anshizhangjiaoyuanyuqinhanguanzhifangmianshijingyouqin,chushuhongpianjuzhu《qinhanguanzhishigao》(yuxiongtiejihezhu,qilushushe1984nianban,2007nianqilushusheyouchuzengdingban),congxuantidaoshixian,yongshishizai,wuyiqigao,1986nianhuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang。zaiqinhanguanzhiyantaofangmian,anshizhangjiaoyuanchongshichanyangqixuewengaibodeshangfeng,caozonglehanchaogeleichuanshiwenxiancailiaoyuchutuwenxiancailiao、kaogucailiao;haiwangluoleqingchaokaojujia、zhengwenjiahejindaixuezhedeyantaogongxiao,zhenduicizhongdemouxiemaobinghuoquefadechusuo,yetingzhilekanwuhebuchong,bingduijiduoxiangxideguizhitimuzaishenqieyantaodedizishangtichulebenshendedudaokanfa。《qinhanguanzhishigao》chongshixianxianleanshizhangjiaoyuantashidecailiaogongdi,shiqijinweizhiduiqinhanguanzhiyantaofanchouneirongzuiweizhouquanxiangshandeyibuzhushu,yeshiyantaoqinhanguanzhidebukechaoyuededianjizhizuo。

anshizhangjiaoyuanduiqinhanshiqideyixiewenmingdehanqingrenwuyetingzhileshenqiexiangjindeyantao。qidaibiaozuoshi《banguyuhanshu》(shandongguominchushushe1979nianban,houzengdingwei《bangupingchuan》,guangxijiaohuichushushe1996nianban)、《liubangpingchuan》(yumengxiangcaihezhu,shandongqilushushe1988nianban,houzengdingwei《hangaodidachuan》henanguominchushushe1997nianban)、《hanguangwudidachuan》(yumengxiangcaihezhu,henanguominchushushe1999nianban,zhonghuashuju2008nianzhongban)、《qinshitianzidachuan》(yumengxiangcaihezhu,zhonghuashuju2005nianban)、《hanwudidachuan》(yuliudezenghezhu,zhonghuashuju2005nianban)deng。anshizhangjiaoyuanduiyantaohanqingrenwudezhushu,kaobianjingshen,wenbimeihao,cailiaoxiangshi,jiangxueshuxingyulequxingwujilianxizaiyilu,rerenrusheng,farenchensi。

anshizhangjiaoyuanzhiqinhanshizhishiqiyantaohanqingdeyigeshiyantian,jingyoujinchengzhiqinhanshi,duijilelvli。shizai,“tonggujinzhibian”,yantaotongshicaishiqizhongjiumubiao。anshizhangjiaoyuanyantaohanqingdemenluyishicongduandaishidaotongshibingpianzhongchusuoshiheqiluwenmingshi。

anshizhangjiaoyuanduishandongchusuoshihewenmingshiyantaozuochuletuqidejinxian。tazhubianle《shandongtongshi》(8juan,shandongguominchushushe1993nianban,2009nianguominchushusheyouchushuzengdingben),qianhoubeilieweishandongshengshehuikexue“qiwu”jihuazhongdianyantaoketiheguodu“bawu”jihuazhongdiantushu;yiqifengshuodeneirong、xiangshidecailiao、huihongdeguimo、nongliedechusuoteseerbiaoxinliyi,keweichusuoshiyantaozhongdeshouchuangzhizuo,1996nianhuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang。anshizhangjiaoyuanyuwangzhiminxiezuozhubiande《qiluwenmingtongshi》(8juan,zhonghuashuju2004nianban)shiyibudaxingdiquwenmingtongshi,qicailiaoxiangshi、neironghouzhong,buzhicongsiweiwenmingshang,bingqiecongkeji、jiaohui、zongjiao、fengsudengchabiefanchouyantaoqiluwenmingzailidaidetesejishengzhangyanhua,buzhijieshileqiluwenmingbenshendetese,bingqietongchoudaoqiluwenmingyuqiyudiquwenmingnaizhihaineiwenmingdehudongganxi。tabuzhimibulexueshuyantaofanchoudekongquedechusuo,bingqieduixuerenruohezhuanxiediquwenmingshigongjilejianjie,2006nianhuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang。《jinantongshi》(6juan,qilushushe2008nianban)tixi、zhouquan、quanshijuzidijixulejinandehanqingshengzhangheshehuibianhua,daibiaoleyantaojinanhanqingdezuixingongxiao。

zaizhongguotongshidebianxiefangmiananshizhangjiaoyuanyeyouzhuyaodejinxian。tadediyibutongshigongxiaoshi《zhongguoshijianbian》(shandongjiaohuichushushe1986nianban),jishishangqitaigu,xiaqizhonghuaguomingongheguochengli,shishikaodezhu,zhongdiantuqi,jianyaojianyao,jubeimingfushizaidetongshitese。tazi1986nianchushuhou,yizhongbanlvci,yinshuajin20ci。1988nianjingguodujiaohuiweiyuanhuiheding,beilieweiquanguogaodangxuexiaolikekeben。

zaitedishideyantaofangmiananshizhangjiaoyuanyizuochuletuqidejinxian。youanshizhangjiaoyuanzhubiande《zhongdingzuohewenmingshi》(shangzhongxiasance,shandongjiaohuichushushe2001nianban)shiduizhongdingzuohewenmingtingzhiyantaozongjiedejidachengzhizuo,taguimohongda、bujuwanquan、touxuqingchu、neirongfengshuo,mibulegaifanchouxueshuyantaodekongque,2002nianhuoshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang。《zhonghuazashenshoushutongshi》(nanhaichushugongsi2012nianban)shiwoguodiyibuzhouquan、tixidedaxingzashenshoushutongshijuzhu,yeshiyixiangzhonghuazashenshoushudeyouliangyantaogongxiao,mibulezashenshoushuyantaodekongque,2015nianqudeshandongshengshehuikexueyoulianggongxiaoyidengjiang。

zaizhongguoshiliaoxuefangmian,anshizhangjiaoyuanzhubiande《zhongguoxiandaishishikexue》(fukaiguominchushushe1994nianban)shishouguodujiaohuiweiyuanhuihefukaiguominchushushebaituo,weigaodangxuexiaohanqingxizhongguoxiandaishizhuanyebianxiedeyibukeben,tazaijieshouhourenshiliaoxuezhushuliyidetongshi,anzhaoshijixuyao,congtixi、bujudaoneirong、tilidoutingzhidoudandeceyanceyanheliyi,beixueshujiepingguwei“jubeihengaodekexuexinghetixixing,keweijinchaowoguoshixuejiezuiwanquan、tixihejubeitixixingdeshiliaoxuezhushu”。2006nianbeicanyu“shiyiwu”guodujijihuakeben。

治史有道,独步学林

danfanchengjifeirandexuezhe,laoshikeyihuoxuhuoxuzongjiechuzhuoyouxiaoguodezhixuetili,huoguijiechuyitaoxingzhiyouxiaodexueshulvli。anzuozhangshizhangjiaoyuanzaichijiuchuzhihanqingyantaodejinchengzhong,zuchenglebenshenguaiyidezhixuezhidao。

duizhimakesizhuyiyuzhongguohanqingxueshijixianglianxi。anshizhangjiaoyuanlianxibenshenzhixuejincheng,dandangleliangqichaode“shijiasizhangshuo”,fuyuqixindeneizai。takuada,yaoyizhunquedeshijilaizhidianhanqingyantao,zheibianshi“shishi”。makesizhuyiweiwushiguanbianshizheigezhunquedeshiji,jibianzhengweixinzhuyihehanqingweixinzhuyi。ruohezhangwozheiyi“shishi”,anshizhangjiaoyuantichulelianggeqingqiu: yishidangzhenjinxiumakesizhuyidedianfanzhushu,zhenzhengdizhangwohanqingweixinzhuyidegenjishili、gainianhetili,jinlishouchuanghanqingyantaodexinchanghepaichang;ershiyaozhenzhengxiaodemakesizhuyi,cezhongzhangwomakesizhuyidejinglibensehelichang、gainian、tili,yingyongmakesizhuyigenjishiliyuzhongguohanqingheshijixianglianxi。zaiqinhanshifanchou,bianshiyaojinlibamakesizhuyishijiyuqinhandehanqingxianglianxi,zheishijinxiuheyantaoqinhanshidezuidizideluzi。shoumakesizhuyiweiwushiguandezhidianyuyingxiang,anshizhangjiaoyuanzhishiqishoucongqinhanjingjishidongshou,《xihandedongnantunken》yiwenbianshiqijiaozaoyingyongmakesizhuyishijiyantaoqinhanhanqingdezhuyaogongxiao。

duizhi“tonggujinzhibian”。simaqianzhuanxie《shiji》dexunqiushi“yuyijiutianrenzhiji,tonggujinzhibian”,anshizhangjiaoyuandezhishixunqiuyiyangrusi。zhengrutasuoyan: “dashidouxiaodewoshizhuanzhiqinhanshi,shijishangzhiqinhanshizhishiwoyantaohanqingdeyigeshiyantian,jingyoujinchengzhiqinhanshi,womochuyidianmendao,duijileyixielvli。wozhenzhengxiangyantaoderengshitongshi,bianshitonggujinzhibian,zheishiwozuihoudemubiao。”《zhongguoshijianbian》、《shandongtongshi》、《qiluwenmingtongshi》、《jinantongshi》doubiaoxianleanshizhangjiaoyuan“tonggujinzhibian”dezhishixunqiu。anshizhangjiaoyuanduiruohebianxieyibuwanquandezhongguotongshi,tichulesangefangmiandesilv: yishizongxiangde“tong”,yebianshinongtonghanqingdeqianyinhouguo,huojiaozuozongxiangjieqia。xiangxilaijiang,qishouyaonongtongmeigeshehuixingzhuangdezuishizhidetesehezuchengzheixietesedeyuanyou;qizhuyaonongtongqianyigeshehuixingzhuangruohexianghouyigeshehuixingzhuanggaibian,zheigegaibiandejinchengshijingyoujinchengnaxieguanjianshixiande;zaizheyaonongtongmeigeshehuixingzhuangwaibuchabiehanqingshengzhangjieduandezuishizhidetesejiqizuchengdeyuanyou,haiyaonongtongqianyigehanqingjieduanruohexianghouyigehanqingjieduandegaibian。ershihengxiangde“tong”,yebianshiyaonongtongmeizhongshiwuyuqizuolinyoushedeganxi,huojiaozuohengxiangjieqia。zheiyoubaohanliangfangmianneirong,qishoushimeigehanqingshiqidezhengzhi、jingjihesiweiwenming,doubushilingdingde,ershiyigewujidequanti,yingdangzhengshishuomingqijiandebiciganhuahebiciganxi;qicihaiyaohechuyutongyishehuixingzhuanghuotongyishiqidebenguohanqingxiangjieqia,fangnengxianxianchuzhongguohanqingdetese。sanshileitong,yebianshiyileixiangcong,zhuleiguanchuan。meigeshehuixingzhuangdegexianghanqingneirong,guranfenlizaigezhanggejiezhong,danyoudoushizichengtixi,ruxujikeyihuoxufangzhifanfubaituo,youbianyulingrenshuxihezhangwomeileishiwushengzhangdexiansuohejilv。anshizhangjiaoyuande“tongshi”bianzhuantiliyusiweiduizhongguotongshidebianzhuanjubeizhuyaodezhidianyisi。chuduizhongguotongshidejinxianyiwai,taduichusuotongshidebianzhuanyetichulebenshendegainian,bingshenglibianzhuanle《shandongtongshi》。anshizhangjiaoyuandui《shandongtongshi》debianzhuanliyixingdijieshoulezhongguochuantongdegeleishichengwentidezhangchu,chenglileyigebiniwanquandechusuotongshitixi,jiangquanshufenweitongji、dianzhi、chuanji、tubiaosidajubu。sigejubuxianghujieqia,xianghubuchong,xianglvehuxian,zuchengleyigewujiquanti,jinengfanyingshandonghanqingdequanmao,younengtuqishandongchusuoshizaizhongguohanqingshangdeteseyuweizhi。

duizhishixueyantaodechuanchengyuliyishengzhang。anshizhangjiaoyuanlvcizhichu,liyijuebushiwuanzhaodibiaoxinliyi,biechujizhu。neiyangdeliyi,shiyaobudede。zhenshideliyiyingdangshiduihourendeyantaogongxiaoyoudandangshengzhang,duicihoudeshixueyantaoyouqifayisihedaoxiangganhua。zhiyuruoheliyi?anshizhangjiaoyuantichulesigefangmiandesilv。yishizhunquechuzhizhuanyubodeganxi。anshizhangjiaoyuanyiweizhishiguihuguangbojingzhan,bugaibodehanqingchangshi,yaodaodajingzhandejingjieshibukeyihuoxude。suoweigaibo,yebingbushiyiqiaobutong,wusuobuxiao,jiuqisuoxuezhuanyelaijiang,buzhiyaojingxiao,danfanyubenzhuanyeyouguandechangshi,yedouyingdangzhixiao,yaojinkeyihuoxuzuodaohourensuoshuodeneiyang: “guanquanguoshuweibian,budewangxiacihuang。”zhunquechuzhihaozhuanyubodebianzhengtongyideganxi,shizhishizhebixuzunzhaodeyitiaoluzi。ershichaxunbaifangyantao,linghuixingqing。anshizhangjiaoyuanyiweiyidanyantaoguimofanchoubidingle,neijiuyaoduizheigeguimofanchouneiyantaodenangxi、jinkuangjijianglaishengzhangdequshidouyingdangyousuolinghui,baohanguojiwaixueshujiedeyantaohuanjing,zheijiujiaolinghui“xingqing”。sanshibocaizhongjiazhizhang。anshizhangjiaoyuanyiwei,zhishiruxueshu、xuehua,yaobocaizhongjiazhizhang,fangnengchengyijiazhiyan。bocaizhongjiazhizhang,buzhijinshijieshouyiyouyantaogongxiao,zaihourendianjidedizishang,gengjinyibu;gengjiazhuyaode,shijianjiebierenzhishidetili,qugejiazhiliyi,jiayichangtonglingwuguanchuan,ruxucainengbushiyousuoqianjin,yousuoqianjin,yousuoliyi。sishizhangyutiaoxuanlianxidianhechongpokou。anshizhangjiaoyuansilifourenqinhanshibuyantaokongjiandeshuofa,tayiweizheigefanchouyirandayouxiaowuzhidi。ruqinhanshehuixingzi、jiecengganxi、jingjishi、zhengzhiguizhishi、minzuganxishi、siweiwenmingshi、hanqingrenwu、zhongwaiganxishi、kaoguyuwenwu、wenxianqingsuanyuyantaodengtimudouyoujidadeyantaokongjian。guanjianshigenghuanxindeshenyuejiaodu,zhenzhuoxindesixu、xindesiweitili,tiaoxuanyixielianxidianhechongpokou,anshizhangjiaoyuansuozuodeqinhanshandongchusuoshiyantao,shiqinhanshiyantaodeyigelianxidianhechongpodian。《qinhanguanzhishigao》yeshianshizhangjiaoyuanzaiqinhanshifanchoutiaoxuandeyigechongpodian。

yejingyuqinyuqieerbushe。anshizhangjiaoyuantichuleqinkenchugongxiaodezhendi。zheijishitazhangda70duonianzhishihukoushengjidelvlizongjie,yeshibianceshixueyantaobushishengzhangdezhuyaonengyuan。tachangchangzhichu,danfanzhenzhengzuoxuewenderen,douzhuyi“sanqin”,jiyanqin、naoqin、shouqin,yebianshiqinyunianshu、qinyusilv、qinyuxiezuo,xiezuojishinianshu、silvdegongxiao,youfanguoquduiqianliangzheqizhedaidonghegouzaoganhua。zheiyishuxishiduizhishizhedegenjiqingqiu。bumianbishiniandejingli,shizuobuqinxuewende。danrendejinglijiujinggongxiaoyouxian,bukeyihuoxubayiqiedejingliquanfangzaishixueyantaoshang,shimingshang、hukoushangdelingyouliangduoshimingyaozuo。ruohechuzhishangshuhuanjing,anshizhangjiaoyuantichu,yaochuzhihaozhengyulingdeganxi。suowei“zheng”,bianshizhuanyebiaodemubiaohuoyantaoketidequantijihua,yidanbidingshangqu,jiubuyaodengxiandiancuan,qiejiqianchangzhezhi,sanxineryi,buranshibangongbei,naizhiyiwusuocheng。suowei“ling”,bianshibuyaotankuaiqiuduo,bukeyihuoxuyihuierjiukeyichuliyigequantijihua,yingbatafenhuaweijiduoxiangxidexiaotimu,yigeyigedijiayiyantao,zheijiao“huazhengweiling”。bijiyiqiedexiaoketigenjiqudechuli,erhouzaiguijiezonghe,congerzuchengyigejiaowanquandetixi,zheijiao“hualingweizheng”。congzhongxueshiqi,anshizhangjiaoyuanjiubiaoxianchuqieerbushe、bupaxiangledezhixuejingli。kaoruqiludaxuehou,chushangkeyiwai,bianshizaizangshulou、cailiaoshihuosushejinxiu,banyezhiqianjijinbushuiguojue,ourantangxiahourengzaisilvtimu,yidanyousuofaming,dangjipiyiqichuang,bizhiyushu,dequedaoleqinbuanxidejingjie。fangcaicanyushimingdezuihoujinian,zaishixianchenzhongdejiaoxueshimingzhiyu,xielejin10pianlunwen。1955nian,nianjin27suideanshizhangjiaoyuanjiuyichushulebenshendediyibulunwenji《hanshichutan》,yingxiangjida。《lianghanyuxiyuganxishi》qiashianshizhangjiaoyuanqinkenjinxiuwaiyudegongxiao,anshizhangjiaoyuanxishiweilewaiyukeyihuoxuhuoxuguoguan,xiangleyigebenfangfa,bianshicongzangshuloubayingguorensitanyindeyingwenban《xiyukaoguji》jiechulai,dayaoyou20duowanzi。anshizhangjiaoyuanyibianxuewaiyu,yibiannazhezidianfanyi,budaoyiniandeshihou,jiujiangtafanyichulai,buzhiwaiyuceyanguoguanle,haixielejipianchujilianghanyuxiyuganxidewenzhang,zaicidizizhangjinyibukuoxie,bianshixianle《lianghanyuxiyuganxishi》zheibenshu。anshizhangjiaoyuan90suishizishudao: “wodepingshenghenshijianlve,keyongliugezilaiguinazonghe,neibianshi‘nianshu、jiaoshu、xieshu’”。zuoweixuezhe,anshizhangjiaoyuanpingshengzhongyuxueshu,zizibujuan,wuyuanwuhui,bingweicierdouzhengpingsheng,zhongjiuqudechusedexueshuchengji。 

jianguzhijin,guweijinyong。anshizhangjiaoyuandeyiqieshixueyantaodouguanchuanzhejingshizhiyongzheitiaozhuxian。chugeshitajiangshandongchusuoshideyantaoyuchusuohanqingwenmingzibenyanhu、kaipihecaozongxianglianxi,zuochuletuqijinxian。shangshijijiushinianyue,tagouzaoguojishixuejiewenmingzhuanjiaduichuqifanhaijiaxufuguxiangtingzhilekaoju,dabaitichuxufuguxiangzaishandonglongkoushi,bingyuqiyudailinghexuezhezengjinlezhongguoguojixufuwenmingjiaohuanxiehuidechengli,weixufuguxianglongkoushiduiwaiwenmingjiaohuanhezhaoshangyinzizuochulejinxian。tahaishenqiekaojuchusunbinguxiangzaijuanchengsunguxiangyidai,weijuanchengxianzaihaineizhaoshangyinzibingjianchengsunbinwenmingyoulanchengdianjiledizi。benshijichu,tayuwudixianwenshizhuanjiaduijingneijieshishantingzhilekaoju,zhengminglegaishanbianshicaocaodongzhengshilvlidejieshishan,yeshimaozedongwenmingshiju“donglinjieshiyouyipian”zhongdejieshishan。zheiyikaoju,zengjinlewudijieshishandezhouquankaipibingchengweibendiwenmingyoulanjingdian。anshizhangjiaoyuancanyuchusuowenmingjianshegoudang,congerzaofuchusuoshehuideshililiangduo,nanyizhuyidaolai。zhengrushandongshengweixuanyangbuyuanbuzhang、shengrendachangweihuiyuanfuzhurenmiaofenglinsuoshuo: “jiqianniandehanqingzhanghe,bazanmenyuqianrenzhijiangekaidehenshiyouyuan,keshi,anshizhangjiaoyuanquebazheigeyouyuanjiangeladejinxiezaijinxie,bingqiebushidizaitadeshufangli,bazaoyichenfengledexiandaishiwumoyingchengqingliangzhaorendehanqingguijing,jirenyiqifa,yiganwu,yiqili。”ruxugaodudebidinghepinggu,zhangxianleanshizhangjiaoyuanshixueyantaodeshijixingmingli。zaianshizhangjiaoyuankanlai,yantaoqiluwenmingduiyihouwoguotingzhideshehuizhuyijingjijianshehejingliwenmingjianshe,doujubeifeichangzhuyaodexueshuyisiheshijiyisi。duiqinhanguanzhi、shihuanfadeqiecuodengshixueyantao,yiyangxianxianchuanshizhangjiaoyuanduishijidezuizhongguanqie。anshizhangjiaoyuanchijiunuliyuchuantongpindejinbuqianbeiwenmingdeyantao,qianhoubanfale《chuantongpindeyuxiandaijingliwenming》《shuo“xiao”》《weiguo·weixue·weiren——jinian“wusi”jiyuqingnian》dengwenzhang。2015nian,anshizhangjiaoyuanhaiyuwangzhiminjiaoshouzuoweishouxizhuanjiazhangguanleguodushekeyanzhongmingmu《hongyangzhonghuachuantongwenmingyuxiandaihuayantao》deziketijishandongshengshekeyanzhongmingmu《zhonghuachuantongwenmingsiweineizaideshiqidaijiabianxiyantao》bingyishixian。

品德文章,培育英才

anzuozhangshizhangjiaoyuanbuzhishiyimingxuewenjingzhandedaxuezhe,yeshiyimingbuyanqifandejiaohuijia。“zhengrenyousanle,erwangquanguobuyucunyan。hushijucun,xiongdiwuduan,yileye。yangbukuiyutian,fubuzuoyuren,erleye。dequanguoyingcaierjiaohuizhi,sanleye。”anshizhangjiaoyuanshangzaiduxuetangshijiujiqishangshimengzizheiduanhua,bingjiang“dequanguoyingcaierjiaohuizhi”zuoweipingshengdejiaohuixunqiu。anshizhangjiaoyuanzaipcjianada 、shandongdaxuezhijiaojinqishizai,yixiangdao90suigaolingrengduizhijiyantaoshengjiangke,jibenkeshengtingzhixiandaishizhuantijiangzuo。zaizheijin70niandeshihouli,anshizhangjiaoyuanyigaibodexuewen,gaoguidepindeqingcaoerrumurandijiaohuizheshizhangjiaoyuan,taolimanquanguo。taqinshenjiangkedehanqingxi、zhengzhixihezhongwenxishizhangjiaoyuanduodawanrenyishang,haiqianhoupeiyule30duoweiboshi、shuoshiyantaosheng。qishizhangjiaoyuanzhongbufaguojiwaizhemingdehanqingxuejiayushengbujidailing,weiguguoshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshechanyanglezhuyaoganhua。anshizhangjiaoyuanchangshuo: “yigejigedejiaoyuanhexueshudaitouren,buzhiyaokantaxiaowochulejiduogongxiao,gengzhuyaodeshikantapeiyuchulejiduoyouchengjide、naizhikuayuebenshendeshizhangjiaoyuan。”anshizhangjiaoyuanyiwei,jiaoshuyuyurenliangzhebukepengfen,xiangfanxiangcheng,jiaoshushidizi,yurenshimubiao。zaijiaoshufangmian,anshizhangjiaoyuanjiqisongsanxiangjin。tachangshuo: “jiaoyuanyaobeihaojianghaoyitangke,benshendonglezhinengsuanshishixianleyibanshiming,lingwaiyibanshimingbianshiyaoshishizhangjiaoyuanyenengxiaodehezhangwo。”anshizhangjiaoyuanjiaoxuedezhongguohanqingwenxuan、zhongguoxiandaishi、xianqinqinhanshi、shandongchusuoshidengkecheng,douyaochayuedapideshiliao,xiechengtixidejianggaohouzaitingzhijiaoxue。lingwai,tahaijingyoujinchenggeleitililinghuishizhangjiaoyuanduikechengdefanying,yibianzuodaoduizhengxiayao,bushijiayigailiang。shiyi,tazaijiangkeshi,zongnengzuodaoweiweidaolai,houjibofa,shenqieqianchu,shenshoushizhangjiaoyuanjiedai。shandongdaxuemengxiangcaijiaoshoucengduianshizhangjiaoyuanzuoguoruxudepinggu: “youderenjiangke,bajianlvedeshilijiangpangzale,rangrenyuetingyuehutu;youderenbashensuinanmingdeshilijiangdeqianxiandabaile。anshizhangjiaoyuandekeshuyuhouyizhong。tadekehoujibofa、shenqieqianchu、qianxianyidong,rangrendunkaimaosai、huorankailang,youtingjunyixihua,shengdushinianshudeganshou。”anshizhangjiaoyuanbuzhizhengshihanqingchangshidejiaoxue,bingqiezhengshipeiyushizhangjiaoyuandeyantaocaineng。tachangyuanyongshenhuachuanshuozhongbaxianzhiyilvdongbin“dianshichengjin”degushi,laigulishizhangjiaoyuanmenzaijinxiuzhongbuyaozhixunqiuxianchengde“jinzi”,eryaozhangwo“dianjinshu”。

anshizhangjiaoyuankuadazhixingheyi,jizhengshijiaoshouchangshi,gengzhengshiyangchengshizhangjiaoyuandepindeqingcao,zhangwozhulejiaohuidejinghua。“pindewenzhang”shianshizhangjiaoyuanbenshendepingshengxunqiu,yeyiciyankuyaoyiyesheng。tachangchangjiang: “rendepingshenghuipengdaoxuliangduoduoxuyaochuliheqiecuodetimu,danguinazongheqilaibuwaihuruohezuorenyuruoheganshilianggetimu,buguangannayixing,chuzhihezhongzhiye,doulibukai‘zuoren’zheigeqiantiqiantihedizitimu。bifang,yantaohanqingyaoyou‘shide’,yaojiaotashidi、bingwanyanshu;shijinyaoyou‘guande’,yaoqingzhenglianzheng,haobunengtanwufuhua;zuoshengyiyaojiang‘shangde’,yaomingfuqishi,laoshaowuqi。”zhonggongzhongxingouzaobuyuanbuzhangzhangquanjingcenglvciyueqinganshizhangjiaoyuanweishengbujidailingganbupeixunbanjiangke,tajiushuo: “zuozhangtongdaofeichangzhengshiguweijinyong,chongshicaozonghanqingzheimenjubeichugejiaohuigongxiaodekecheng,chengxinshidijingyoujinchengjiduohanqingrenwudeyanxingshiji、pindeqingcaohechengbaideshidengxiangxierhuopodeshijijiqipinggu,shishizhangjiaoyuanzaiqudehanqingchangshidetongshiyejieguanleaiguozhuyijiaohui、fandongchuantongjiaohui、siweipindejiaohuihehanqingdelvlijingyan。”anshizhangjiaoyuanhailvciyingyaojipcjianada xintuixuedeshizhangjiaoyuanzuo《chuantongpindeyuxiediaoshehui》dejiangzuo。tayishiqizhutiweizhuxian,yizhongguochuantongpindeweishijigenju,jingyoujinchengfenjiezhongguochuantongpinde,jiaohuijinshidashizhangjiaoyuanchongshiluozhichuantongpindedewuyichengfen,weishehuizhuyixiediaoshehuijianshetianzhuanjiawa,bingjinyibuzengjinbenshendeshengzhang。tabazunzhaojiechudepindebiaozhun、chenglipeihedebaofuxinxinyushehuizhuyixiediaoshehuijiansheqijishenmilianxiqilai,bumanleduinianqingrendeyinqiedanyuan,chongshijieshileyidaixuezhezhidashifengcai。

zuoweijinrenjiezhideshixuetaidou,anshizhangjiaoyuanxingqingnuanhe,yiyijinren,duibanlvrechenhuzhu,duishizhangjiaoyuanzhunzhunjiaohui,qudelezhongrendezanmei,zheiyuanyuanshizhangjiaoyuanshenshangsuojubeideqianbainianlaichuanchengbuduandebuyijingli。richangpingfan,xueyuandeqingnianjiaoyuanheshizhangjiaoyuanxiangtajiujiaotimu,talaoshinenghaowubaoliudiweiqijiehuodayi。yixiechuzhihanqingyantaohuoduihanqingganlequderenchangchangmuminglaifang,anshizhangjiaoyuandourechenjiedai,qingnangxiangshou;yourenjilaiqingjiaodeshugaolunwen,anshizhangjiaoyuanyedoudangzhenliulan,tichukeguidediancuandingjian。liangduonianqingxuezhedouyueqinganshizhangjiaoyuanweitamendezhushuzhuanxiexuyan、shuping,tachangchangshilaizhebuju,buxifeiqubushaokeguishihou。

anshizhangjiaoyuansongsandezhixuelichang,tuqidexueshuchengji,bodelexuejiedezunjing,ertayiyijinren、tiandanmingli、buyanqifan、guanqiehouxuedeyouliangpindegengshiyuanshengzaidao。anshizhangjiaoyuanguitianhou,zhongguoshixuehuitedifalaiyandian,zhichu: “anzuozhangshizhangjiaoyuanchengjiujingzhan,zhushudengshen,beigongyiweixianjinxuejietaidou。anzuozhangshizhangjiaoyuanzhengshijiaohui,guanqiezhangbei,taolimanquanguo。anzuozhangshizhangjiaoyuanyiqiangaiguorechen,pindewenzhang,jieweihoudaibiaolv。”

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